Overarching progress beyond the current state of the art and gaps preventing full commercialisation


This report summarises the H2ME initiative learnings, and provides recommendations for projects looking to commercialise the technology.

  • The H2ME initiative, a flagship European project, has resulted in the deployment of hundreds of fuel cell hydrogen cars and vans and the associated refuelling infrastructure, across 8 countries in Europe. It creates the basis for a first truly pan-European network, and contributes to building the world’s largest network of H2 refuelling stations.
  • The project is made up of two phases, H2ME -1, which started in 2015, and H2ME-2, which started in 2016. Over the course of these two phases, as of May 2023 >1,100 vehicles and 45 hydrogen refuelling stations have been deployed. The deployments are intended to jump start the drive towards fuel cell vehicles and establish the conditions in which fuel cell vehicles and the underlying refuelling stations can thrive.
  • The project was supported by the European Union through the Clean Hydrogen Partnership (previously, FCH 2 JU) but was driven by the continuous engagement of the industry.
  • This documents provides a summary of the progress achieved by the industry on the key technical and commercial aspects needed to secure the commercialisation of hydrogen and fuel cell technology in Europe, as a result of H2ME and other development projects since the H2ME project began in 2015.
  • This report is the final report on the topic of Overarching progress beyond the current state of the art and gaps preventing full commercialisation. Three previous interim reports on the same topic are available, and this report summarises the interim reports and includes new learnings from the period January – October 2023.
  • All sections have been updated and the following new sections have been included: Summary of the achievements of
    H2ME, extended learnings and recommendations for future deployments.

Read the entire report here.

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