Emerging Conclusions 2022 – H2ME Phase 2


This document provides a summary of the H2ME results of phase 2

The entire document could be downloaded here.

H2ME in its two phases has been underway for nearly 8 years. The focus has been on clusters of larger numbers
of light duty fuel cell vehicles (over 1,400 planned) and associated Hydrogen Refuelling Stations to test and develop
business models, assess sentiment, prove technologies at scale and apply learning to overcome some of the
barriers to more widespread application.

H2ME has been successful so far in 10 key areas:

  1. Green mass mobility and logistics solutions have been proven in cities and regions, with ranges and refuelling
    time similar to conventional vehicles. The experience gained gives a robust springboard to further roll-outs.
  2. The fuel cell vehicles have worked reliably, with new models offering increased performance becoming
    available on the market.
  3. Fuel cell vehicles are finding niches where batteries are challenged, in extreme range and in intensive
    operation. While this applies to personal cars and commercial vans, it is even more so to heavy-duty trucks,
    city and long-distance buses. Last-mile deliveries (which require a significant overall range) are emerging as a
    good fit for fuel cell vehicles.
  4. The hydrogen supply infrastructure has been proven at scale, including green (electrolytic) hydrogen which
    can be produced on-site at periods of low electric grid demand. The expansion in refuelling station numbers
    and learning has improved availability. Learning is being applied in best practice in permitting, in failure
    modes and design workarounds, and in servicing.
  5. Hydrogen Refuelling Stations are becoming more affordable as an economy of scale emerges in their roll-out
    and increased utilisation and higher dispensed H2 volumes are seen. This trend will continue. For mass
    transport (in the order of a million vehicles), the amortised cost of hydrogen infrastructures is lower than
    aggregate electric chargers.
  6. H2 is a flexible energy vector, with cross-over benefits to hard-to-reach sectors, such as industry, shipping and
    aviation. As H2 (including imports) becomes more prevalent across applications, the cost and availability
    issues now seen in the early roll-out phase will lessen.
  7. The roll-out of FCEVs in H2ME has demonstrated safe fuelling with H2 without compromise to safe vehicle
  8. End to end life cycle CO2 emissions relating to green hydrogen are similar to that of BEVs.
  9. Significant gains in technical know-how has accrued, with potential gains in green jobs, energy security and
    CO2 savings.
  10. Prior to H2ME, there were few large deployments of fuel cell vehicles in Europe. This is no longer the case for
    light duty vehicles, with taxi fleets growing, and H2ME has encouraged further activity in other vehicles
    segment (e.g., ZEFER, H2Haul, H2Bus). Prior to H2ME, almost no fuel cell vans were fielded, HRS were hugely
    underutilised, with breakdowns common – this too has changed.

H2ME execution continues alongside ZEFER, with significant data collection that will further refine the
development of models and business cases for FCEV and HRS.

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